Agreement on new EU rules on battery design, production and waste management

Agreement on new EU rules on battery design, production and waste management

On Friday (22.09.12), the European Parliament and the Council reached a provisional agreement on the revision of the EU’s battery rules to take into account technological developments and future challenges. Tightened requirements for sustainability, performance and labelling. Tightened targets for waste collection, recycling efficiency and material recovery

The agreed rules are intended to cover the entire life cycle of batteries, from design to end of life, and apply to all types of batteries sold in the EU: portable batteries, SLI batteries (which provide power for starting, ignition or ignition of vehicles) , light transport batteries (which supply power to wheeled vehicles such as electric scooters and bicycles), electric vehicle (EV) batteries and industrial batteries.

Batteries must be easier to remove and replace, and consumers must be better informed

The retailers agreed on stricter requirements to make batteries more sustainable, better performing and longer lasting. The agreement stipulates that batteries for electric cars, LMT batteries and rechargeable industrial batteries with a capacity of more than 2kWh must submit a CO2 footprint declaration and carry a corresponding label/label.

Three and a half years after the legislation comes into force, portable batteries must be designed in such a way that consumers can easily remove and replace them themselves.

To better inform consumers, the batteries will be provided with labels and QR codes containing information on their capacity, performance, durability and chemical composition, as well as the “separate collection” symbol LMT batteries, industrial batteries with a capacity of more than 2 kWh and EV batteries must also have a “digital battery passport” that contains information about the battery model as well as specific information about the individual battery and its use.

Introduction of duty of care for the battery industry

According to the agreement, all economic operators marketing batteries on the EU market, with the exception of SMEs, must develop and implement a so-called “due diligence strategy” that complies with international standards to assess the social and environmental risks associated with the purchase. , processing and trading of raw materials and secondary raw materials.

Other measures set out in the regulation:

• Collection targets for portable batteries are set at 45% in 2023, 63% in 2027 and 73% in 2030, for LMT batteries at 51% in 2028 and 61% in 2031;
• Minimum amounts of recovered cobalt (16%), lead (85%), lithium (6%) and nickel (6%) from manufacturing and consumer waste must be recycled into new batteries;
• All LMT, EV, SLI and industrial batteries, regardless of their nature, chemical composition, condition, brand or origin, must be collected free of charge for end users;
• By 31 December 2030 at the latest, the Commission will consider phasing out non-rechargeable portable batteries for general use.


Rapporteur Achille Variati (S&D, IT) said: “For the first time we have circular economy legislation that covers the entire life cycle of a product – this approach is good for both the environment and the economy. We agreed on measures that will benefit consumers to a great extent: Batteries will work well, be safer and easier to remove Our overall goal is to build a stronger EU recycling industry, especially for lithium, and a generally competitive industrial sector, ready for the energy transition in the coming decades and the strategic autonomy of our continent is crucial. These actions can become a benchmark for the entire global battery market”.

the next steps

Parliament and the Council must still formally approve the agreement before it can enter into force.


In December 2020, the Commission presented a proposal for a regulation on batteries and end-of-life batteries. The proposal aims to strengthen the functioning of the internal market, promote a circular economy and reduce environmental and social impacts at all stages of the battery’s life cycle. The initiative is closely linked to the European Green Deal, the circular economy action plan and the new industrial strategy.


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