Hamburg (dpa / lno) – Hamburg’s school authorities want to recruit more men as primary school teachers. “We note with great concern that most teachers in general and in primary schools in particular are women,” school senator Ties Rabe (SPD) said on Monday. Currently, 87.3 percent of the teachers in the 195 state primary schools are women, and the proportion of men among teacher trainees is even lower. According to the information, only 6.5 percent of primary school teachers newly employed on 1 August 2022 are men. “We hope there will be a balanced gender distribution,” Rabe said.
To achieve this, the authorities and the “Zeit” Foundation Ebelin and Gerd Bucerius have started a model project, initially planned for three years and endowed with around 280,000 euros, which is aimed at high school students, students and career changers. A school campus must be held up to twice per school year, which provides information about “the varied and sometimes challenging daily life of a primary school teacher” and about the course.
The first campus will take place on November 19 at Bucerius Law School. In addition, a collaborative structure is being developed to give the young men the opportunity to do internships and work placements at primary schools. Finally, a network for primary school teachers must be established, where newcomers can exchange ideas with experienced primary school teachers.
“Teachers have the most important profession in this educational republic,” said the chairman of the board of the “Zeit” foundation, Prof. Manuel J. Hartung. Together with educators, they are role models, inspire and shape life. “With our joint model project, we want to show that the profession of primary school teacher is varied and has great importance for children’s development,” said Hartung.
It’s not just about the fact that a mixed college can better handle the many different educational tasks than a college that focuses strongly on one gender, said Rabe. It is also about role models, “because the boys in school must also see and be aware that education is not only for women, but also for boys and men.”
In the vocational schools there are still roughly the same number of teachers, but in the high schools the ratio is already 65 to 35, Rabe said. He can’t really explain the steady increase in women in colleges. It couldn’t be because of the money that men stayed away. It’s a satisfying, beautiful job, “but above all a well-paid job”.
Those who become elementary school teachers in Hamburg serve more than 85 percent of the population, Rabe said. He therefore suspected that the reason was not the payment, but rather gender roles “which perhaps to some extent favor young men not being as interested in raising children (…) as young women”.
The fact that elementary school teachers still earn less than their colleagues at upper secondary schools and vocational schools, which can still be found in other federal states, will soon no longer apply in Hamburg. Until now, elementary school teachers have been paid according to the information in the salary group according to A12, secondary school teachers according to A13. The difference was originally EUR 450 gross per month.
Since two out of three adjustment phases have already taken place, the gross difference is now only 150 euros. “In the next year, the elementary school teachers caught up to all the other teachers,” Rabe said. Hamburg would then be one of the few countries that would pay its teachers anyway.
According to the school authorities, a job starter at A13 at level 1 receives 4360 euros gross per month. After deducting the private health insurance of around 280 euros, that leaves a net salary of 3180 euros – assuming the teacher works full-time. According to the statistics office, only 49 percent of all teachers in Hamburg did this in the 2020/21 school year, meaning that the Hanseatic city had the highest part-time percentage in Germany with Bremen.
© dpa-infocom, dpa:220919-99-818354/3