Did you know this photo is not real?

Artificial intelligence (AI) can increasingly take on creative tasks or imitate them. This also contains dangers – for example due to fake images.


the essentials briefly

  • Artificial intelligence can write, make music, draw and paint.
  • Will they even replace man-made art?

Artificial intelligence has long been able to generate “art” on demand. This applies to both music, texts and images. A new level has probably been reached with “DALL-E 2”: It manages to convert absurdly precise descriptions into colorful graphics.

For example, an assignment could read: “A tree surrounded by jumping dwarfs – in the background the bright moon.” A little later, the picture is ready.

Or: “An oil painting by Matis showing a humanoid robot playing chess.” The artificial intelligence did not fully understand this input, but surprisingly well: “A journalist surrounded by birds flies on a broom over the old town of Bern while the sun is shining.”

This is possible because the AI ​​was trained with data from millions of images. The results are similarly impressive. But what does this mean for art? Will artificial intelligence soon put an end to artists?

AI generated images as with DALL-E 2 “no art”

Susanne Schumacher is an art historian and works in “digital transformations” at the Zurich University of the Arts. For her, tools of this kind are “a technical aid to support rapid visualization”. But she makes it clear: “You wouldn’t call these generated images art.”

Although “quite funny and imaginative representations are possible. For me personally, however, curiosity quickly gives way to boredom”.

Regardless of this, such software also poses a risk. The art historian points out: “With such tools, the likelihood of deliberate falsifications of reality increases.”

Fake images are also possible with programs like DALL-E 2, as the following example shows.

“The program therefore stands up to the challenge of the increasing interweaving of virtually generated representations and photographic images of our physical environment. And that to the point of being indistinguishable.”

It is conceivable that the tool will be implemented in drawing programs and thus take over work steps in image design. Schumacher explains: “AI-supported functions are already often a useful component of image, audio and video processing software.”

Are you afraid of artificial intelligence?

In general, however, artificial intelligence offers less as a tool, but above all as a subject “an exciting field of investigation”.

This would give rise to far-reaching questions about the relationship between artificial and artistic intelligence: “How do humans and machines become creative together? Is art still a fundamentally human activity in the age of AI? Is artificial intelligence purely rational, or can it also imagine and improvise? What does a person do when intelligence and creativity can be digitally copied?»

More on the subject:

Artificial Intelligence Chess Environmental Data Art Moon

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