More and more e-cars are on Germany’s roads. A sufficiently good charging infrastructure is therefore becoming increasingly important. But the number of necessary charging points is growing too slowly, as a study by the VDA found.
News about the German charging infrastructure 2022: The federal government’s master plan
“Electromobility will only be accepted if charging is as easy as filling up today,” said Federal Transport Minister Volker Wissing of the decision on a “master plan” to expand the charging network for electric cars in October 2022. By 2030, drivers must The goal of the federal government is to be able to use one million publicly available charging points. The budget earmarked for this is 6.3 billion euros. The Federal Network Agency currently has around 70,000 charging points, of which 11,000 are suitable for fast charging. On the other hand, the goal is to go from the current 1.6 million to 15 million fully electric cars on German roads by 2030. The federal government’s “master plan” foresees 68 measures to reduce CO2 emissions in road traffic and to strengthen electromobility . This also includes, for example, the availability of areas for charging at traffic junctions or integration into the electricity grid that is to be expanded. If the growth plan for e-mobility works, the proportional power consumption of electric cars will increase from 0.5 to eight percent. Also interesting: Our product tips on Amazon
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VDA survey 2022: The gap between the charging infrastructure and the number of e-cars is growing
As the VDA announced in June 2022, the gap between the number of charging stations and the number of e-cars continues to grow. In Germany, there are currently an average of 22 electric cars at a public charging point. In October 2021 there were 21 and in May 2021 there were 17. According to a study carried out by the National Control Center for Charging Infrastructure on behalf of the Federal Ministry of Transport, around 14.8 million electric and hybrid vehicles should be registered in Germany by 2030. And the authors expect that there will then be a charging point available on 61 percent of the private parking spaces at the residence. As a result, 41 percent of electricity would be charged at these seven million private charging points. “Additional publicly available charging points are therefore absolutely necessary and cover around 32 percent of the loaded energy quantity. The remaining 27 percent are charged at charging points in company parking lots,” it says. In cities, one public charging point is required for every 14 vehicles, in rural areas one for every 23 vehicles. The federal government’s target is around 15 million fully electric cars and one million charging points by 2030. To reach this target, it requires an increase of 2000 charging points per week – currently there are around 330 new charging points per week. In 2030, only 210,000 charging points, i.e. one fifth of the targeted number, be available in Germany. In addition, the VDA states that in May 2022, more than half of all 10,769 German municipalities will not offer a single public charging point. A higher expansion rate would require faster planning and approval processes, says VDA president Hildegard Müller. “We need to speed up planning as we expand charging infrastructure for e-vehicles, and the automotive industry has put forward concrete proposals for this.” She also encourages the municipalities to define goals for the development and push ahead with implementation. In November 2019, the Federal Cabinet decided on a “Charging Station Infrastructure Master Plan” to increase the expansion of the charging infrastructure. Specifically, 50,000 publicly accessible charging points must be set up by 2023. The car industry must contribute 15,000 of these by 2022.
VDA ranking of public charging infrastructure by federal state 2022 (table)
The German Automobile Industry Association (VDA) has calculated which federal states have the best ratio between approved electric cars and charging stations and has made a corresponding ranking of the charging network. The VDA presents two values that should be decisive for the expansion of electromobility: On the one hand, the A value as an indicator of the attractiveness of the charging network, which sets the number of publicly available charging points in relation to the number of registered cars. On the other hand, the T-value, which indicates how many electric cars currently have to share a publicly accessible charging point. Hamburg (489) is the leader in relation to the A value. Berlin (648), Baden-Württemberg (676), Bavaria (693) and Schleswig-Holstein (708) are also at the top of the ranking. Mecklenburg-Vorpommern brings up the rear with 1,362 registered cars at an e-charging point. We show the T-value evaluation in the table below. Saxony (13.8), Saxony-Anhalt (14.9) and Thuringia (15.2) are ahead here with Rhineland-Palatinate (27.3), North Rhine-Westphalia (27.3) and Saarland (28.1) . For information: According to an EU directive, no more than ten e-cars on average should share a charging point. There are currently a total of 60,364 publicly available charging points in Germany (source: Federal Network Agency, as of May 1, 2022). So far, private charging points have not been registered centrally, but the VDA considers this to be urgently necessary. Also interesting: cost of Ionity
|German federal states in the VDA charging network ranking by T-value*
(Status: June 2022)
|rank||Federal state||T-value: e-car
per charging point
|e-car stock||charging points|
|* The T-value indicates how many e-cars must share a publicly accessible charging point. It describes the relationship between all currently registered e-cars and the available publicly accessible charging points in each federal state. The private charging infrastructure is not included.|
News 2021: The Cartel Office’s review of prices and expansion of the fast charging network
Rising complaints about prices and conditions at charging stations have called the Federal Cartel Office into action. “The conditions and prices for charging in public space are of central importance for consumers’ decision to switch to electromobility,” explained the chairman of the cartel office, Andreas Mundt. Therefore, the authority wants to identify possible structural competition problems now – even if the charging infrastructure for electric cars in Germany is only just being established. The Bundeskartellamt published the results of the investigation in October 2021 published: The previous investigations had not provided evidence that “the charging of electricity prices in Germany is systematically and overall too high”. Andreas Mundt, chairman of the Bundeskartellamt: “Transparency with regard to prices and user-friendliness of charging stations can be improved. In addition to intensive competition, targeted regulatory requirements could bring about the necessary improvements. However, market and competitive conditions can be improved. in the area of public charging infrastructure is currently still fundamentally different than at classic filling stations. Therefore, I am also skeptical about whether it will be appropriate here to extend the fuel market transparency office to include charging electricity tariffs. In our opinion, this needs to be investigated first.” According to the federal government’s plans, a nationwide e-infrastructure must be created in Germany by 2030, which also includes publicly accessible charging points. However, the construction and operation of charging stations are not covered by the comprehensive regulation that applies to the electricity grid. However, Mundt explained that possible competition problems in this area could be solved using cartel law.
The federal government wants to promote the development of a fast charging network for electric cars in Germany, thus enabling drivers to drive longer distances. The government introduced a corresponding bill February 2021 on the road. Accordingly, tenders are planned across Europe to establish a public fast charging network with 1000 “fast charging hubs” with multiple charging points by 2023. The stations must have an output of over 150 kilowatts. The federal government wants to select several operators who will then set up and operate the charging stations on its behalf. According to the federal Department of Transportation, there were about 800 charging points above 150 kilowatts at the beginning of 2021, which corresponds to about 2.4 percent of all publicly available charging points. The energy association BDEW meanwhile spoke of around 950 charging points from 150 kilowatts – whereby the figure also includes charging points that have an output of 150 kilowatts. The operation of charging stations, including fast charging stations, is currently not economical, so the law represents an option.