quality of care
There is a shortage of staff in childcare. All over the region, parents are looking for places for their children – like Patrizia Angiocchi from Baden-Baden. How the teacher shortage affects quality.
Patrizia Angiocchi is angry. The Baden-Baden native feels for the second time the consequences of the lack of teachers. There was no place for her daughter in the local kindergarten. And this despite the fact that the 35-year-old registered his offspring more than three years ago.
The lack of staff in the field of childcare remains a permanent problem. All over Baden-Württemberg, institutions are looking for qualified specialists. As early as July, hundreds of municipalities reported that facilities were reducing their hours or even closing groups.
“Deteriorating working conditions lead to people fleeing their jobs,” criticized Verdi regional manager Martin Gross recently. In the end, there are even fewer skilled workers and therefore fewer day care places. Now the state government wants to do away with quality standards in childcare. Concretely, this means: One educator takes care of several children. The groups are getting bigger. According to the Ministry of Education, it is not yet clear how many children there will be.
In addition, non-teaching staff can replace pedagogues if up to one fifth of the skilled workers are absent. The following rule applies: At least two non-professionals must replace a pedagogue.
In addition, the state of Baden-Württemberg already announced daycare groups in July. Such groups should be temporary solutions. Carriers can offer them from this kindergarten year. Entrance groups are aimed at children who have not yet got a place and are on a waiting list. Compared to regular groups, entry-level groups only require one specialist. She will be supported by a suitable carer. This means that more children have to be cared for in the short term.
Vacant places in the Baden-Baden kindergarten go to two-year-olds
At the moment, many parents do not get a place. Patrizia Angiocchi was also out at the beginning of the year. In fact, she had registered her daughter in a facility in Baden-Oos shortly before she was born, about three years ago. The family lives in this part of town.
The girl was supposed to start there in early 2022. So shocked: there was no room. All available places went to two-year-olds who were already cared for at the facility. This fills the group of over three-year-olds.
It can’t be right that I don’t get a place with a delivery time of three years.
Patrizia Angiocchi, mother from Baden-Baden
This annoyed Angiocchi: “It can’t be that I won’t get a place with a delivery time of three years.” She called the city and the carrier – to no avail. With a lot of luck, the 35-year-old got a place in the kindergarten in Balg through the director. Her son went to the facility – for the same reasons. But it is not a permanent solution.
Because: The family has only one car and Angiocchi’s partner works shifts. That’s why they can’t take the little one there. Presently the grandmothers enter. The situation puts a lot of strain on the family.
The town of Stutensee closes a group in a kindergarten
The staff shortage is also evident in other cities and municipalities. The daycare center Tivoli in Karlsruhe closed until mid-September because there was a lack of staff. 30 families were left without care overnight.
The town of Stutensee is also running out of skilled workers. Therefore, the administration discontinued the childcare offer in a kindergarten. There are currently only three instead of four groups.
In fact, all children have a legal right to care in daycare or daycare from the age of one until they start school. But the claim exists only on paper.
According to the Baden-Württemberg Education and Science Union (GEW), the regional waiting lists are full. The country needs more childcare places. However, the quality of care should not decrease.
According to the Karlsruhe psychologist, children need people they trust
Marianne Soff, psychologist at the University of Education in Karlsruhe, explains that the lack of staff can reduce the quality of care. She is concerned with early childhood development.
Soff reports that children need reliable confidantes. Not everyone developed a secure bond with their parents. It is precisely then that educators are important reference persons.
A child needs to feel safe.
Marianne Soff, psychologist at PH Karlsruhe
Continuity is also important. Educators should look after a child as long as possible. “A child needs to feel safe,” says Soff. If caregivers are constantly changing, this sometimes has an effect on the children’s psyche. Some shut themselves off. Others clung to individuals.
In addition, educators needed to know their protégés in order to meet their needs. The little ones usually only allow themselves to set limits or be helped by people they trust. “Every child is different,” Soff says.
According to the psychologist, if there is a lack of staff, minor accidents also occur more frequently. Sometimes the children get hurt. If groups are poorly supervised, it can also happen that stronger children exclude or bully weaker ones. Disputes are normal among children, but they must be observed and moderated by educators. The quality of care therefore has a huge impact on the child’s development. Lack of educators can have a negative impact.