Is it the best way to use the central balcony to get a sufficient and independent amount of energy to watch several movies? Here you can find out everything!
With electricity prices sky high, a balcony power station is a way to save money. It is easy to install a balcony power station that produces 600W of electricity. Find out what it is and what information you need to know about the installation.
What is a balcony power plant?
In principle, a balcony power plant or balcony solar power plant or balcony power plant with storage consists of one or two solar modules, an inverter, a bracket and cables. The inverter should be limited to an output of 600 watts. This is the maximum amount of electricity that a balcony power plant in Germany can generate. In addition, the installation should be carried out by a professional.
Is it possible to store the electricity from the balconies?
Additional storage options exist, but they tend to be very expensive and take decades to pay back. They usually don’t last that long either. Therefore, it is better to leave them alone and use the power. However, this is explained in more detail below.
How much energy does a balcony power plant generate?
The answer is simple: balcony power plants produce up to 600 watts. More is not allowed in Germany. If you want to produce more power, ask a professional or register. A simple registration is possible up to 600 watts. Solar panels can generate more electricity. In my case, for example, each unit has a power of 320 watts, which gives me a total power of 640 watts. However, these results can only be achieved under optimal conditions, which are almost non-existent. Inverters are always limited to 600 watts. So you are right.
How does the electricity from the balcony power plant enter your network?
The electricity is only supplied to the mains via the corresponding plugs in the balcony central. Because the power is not only taken from the sockets, but also sent to the sockets. There are standards that regulate the use of special electrical plugs. This is to protect the user from electric shock. Because the solar cells are powered by an inverter, touching the exposed wires could theoretically result in an electric shock. For this reason, balcony centrals are often connected to the private power supply via so-called “Veillant” connectors. Do not accidentally touch electrified components. However, these standards have no legal effect. So if your patio heater meets DGS safety standards (and it should), you can use a Schuko socket instead of a regular socket. The built-in NA switch interrupts the power supply in case of strong voltage fluctuations, e.g. B. when the plug is pulled out of the socket. This ensures that touching the connector’s contacts will not result in an electric shock. It is therefore best to use weatherproof outdoor sockets. If you don’t have one, there are several options.
An outdoor plug must be installed;
You drill a hole in the wall, run a wire without a ground shoe, attach a ground to that wire, and plug it into an indoor outlet;
You drill a hole in the window frame (made of wood), run the cable through and do the same with the hole in the wall.
Can you install a balcony control yourself?
Yes, it’s no problem at all. This is one of the biggest advantages of a balcony central over a complete solar system with many solar panels that must be installed by professionals. The balcony center already includes a number of mounting materials. To get the right angle, consider buying threaded rods from a hardware store. You may also need to use a cordless screwdriver to drill the holes for the balustrade brackets on the posts that hold the solar panels in place and others.
What to consider when connecting a balcony controller!
Balcony centers can also help tenants save on their electricity bills. However, only if the rules for connecting balcony centrals are observed. When installing a balcony power plant, it is imperative that you get the landlord’s approval, as the solar panels are usually mounted on the exterior wall. Therefore, before buying solar panels, you should first consult your landlord and obtain written approval. If you are the owner of an apartment, since the amendment of the Property Act 2020, with the consent of the majority of the owner community, you can now also connect the electricity supply to the balcony. But even in this case, prior consultation with the other residents is still required. This means that before you start planning a balcony power station, you must first check whether the location is really suitable for installing solar panels. You must then obtain the necessary permits and initiate the purchase and connection of the balcony solar system.
Tip: If you’re lucky, there are currently grants to install balcony power stations. It is therefore advisable to keep an eye on the various grant schemes that currently exist.
Connecting a balcony solar power station: How to find the best mini solar power station
After finding a sunny location for the solar panels and obtaining the necessary permits, the balcony solar power plant enters the planning phase. When planning a solar installation, the first question that arises is how much power will be consumed in the long term. As a rule, the energy generated by a balcony power station is consumed in a ratio of 1:1. Any electricity produced that is not immediately consumed is lost if not stored. This means that the first step is to make a list of devices that constantly use energy, such as refrigerators, freezers, air conditioners and water tanks, and determine their energy consumption. If you are often at home during the day, you should also consider your average electricity consumption. If you can calculate your constant energy consumption, you will find it easier to find the right balcony central heating system for you. Specialized suppliers sell small solar modules with an output of 50 to 150 watts and solar panels with an output of 350 to 400 watts. A solar module with an output of around 380 W can generate up to 300 kWh of electricity per year. Another option is to feed the generated energy into the electricity grid and bill the electricity supplier. However, this involves a lot of effort and does not make much sense. The use of storage devices is also worth mentioning. In recent years, great progress has been made in the development of accumulators, and their prices have fallen significantly. Nevertheless, storage batteries are obviously a cost factor and must be carefully considered. After all the preparatory work is done, it is necessary to connect the balcony control panel. If you have manual skills, the installation of the solar panels can be done quickly. The most important aspect of installing a mini solar system is the optimal mounting direction of the solar panels.
In addition, if there is no external outlet on the balcony, it is necessary to make a small hole in the wall for the cable. Finally, don’t forget to register your balcony system in the grid operator’s and market’s master data registers. If you take too long to register, you may be fined.