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tee

Percentage difference by which the issue price or market price of a security falls below the nominal value or net asset value. Opposite: premium.

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share

Security representing a share in the capital of a public company. This ensures the owner membership rights (the right to vote and the right to vote at the general meeting) and ownership (right to a share in the profit, share in capital increases or in the liquidation result).

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stock Exchange

Regular market organized according to fixed customs. Depending on the traded goods, you speak z. B. from securities, securities, foreign exchange, commodity exchanges or derivatives exchanges (futures exchanges).

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cash flow

Usually generated cash flow from a company’s operating activities. Extraordinary expenses and income should be excluded from the cash flow calculation, as should extreme changes in the formation or release of hidden reserves.

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EBIT

EBIT (Earnings before Interest and Taxes): Earnings before interest and tax. Ebita: Ebit before goodwill amortization. Ebitda (Earnings before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization): Operating profit before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization. These three variants of the operating profit show the operational earning power better than the published net profit. Without operational reasons, this can vary widely depending on the accounting standard, the contribution of the financial result (interest as defined above) and the tax burden. Discontinued operations are usually eliminated from operating profit and included in net profit as a result of discontinued operations. On the other hand, extraordinary expenses for restructuring or value adjustments are taken into account if they are operational.

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Ebitda

EBIT (Earnings before Interest and Taxes): Earnings before interest and tax. Ebita: Ebit before goodwill amortization. Ebitda (Earnings before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization): Operating profit before interest, tax, depreciation and amortization. These three variants of the operating profit show the operational earning power better than the published net profit. Without operational reasons, this can vary widely depending on the accounting standard, the contribution of the financial result (interest as defined above) and the tax burden. Discontinued operations are usually eliminated from operating profit and included in net profit as a result of discontinued operations. On the other hand, extraordinary expenses for restructuring or value adjustments are taken into account if they are operational.

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price-earnings ratio

Share price in relation to earned or expected earnings per dividend bearing share. The stock valuation ratio indicates how many times earnings per share is included in the share price. P/E can be used to compare different stocks within an industry.

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the margin

1. The difference between a bank’s lending and borrowing rates (interest margin). 2. The difference between the offer price and the offer price of a security (bid-offer spread). 3. Cash margin (initial margin, variation margin) in futures or CDF (security margin). 4. Earnings (usually operational) in relation to sales (return on sales, RoS).

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net debt

Corresponds to the difference between interest-bearing financial liabilities and cash and marketable securities. If the difference is negative, one speaks of net liquidity or net liquidity.

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