Tomato plants are heavy fodder and need fertilizer at all stages of growth. Instead of buying bags in the store, you could learn how to make tomato fertilizer yourself. The great thing about making fertilizer at home is that you make what your plants need from your soil. It is best to have your soil tested before planting to determine what nutrients the soil is lacking. Once you have achieved the results, add the nutrients your plants need for successful growth. If you want to make tomato fertilizer yourself, check out the recipes below!
When to fertilize tomato plants?
You need to fertilize tomato plants several times, even while growing seedlings. Start by adding fertilizer or compost to the hole where you plan to plant your seedlings, and mix it gently into the soil. Compost is usually sufficient for most growing seasons, but it depends on the quality of your soil and the nutrients present.
Shortly after planting, the tomatoes need more nutrition, but if you have used quality compost, do not add more fertilizer at this time. Watch your plants grow to decide if they need help. Once your plants begin to bloom and bear fruit, it is time to fertilize again. Diluted fertilizer is fine at this stage, but be sure to incorporate plenty of potassium into the soil.
Make your own tomato fertilizer: recipe
To make about 4 liters of homemade tomato fertilizer you will need:
a larger container, e.g. B. a bucket
10 kg of compost
2 cups rabbit feces
1/2 cup human and animal hair, cut into small pieces
400 g dried alfalfa leaves or alfalfa pellets
1 cup dried, crushed eggshells
80 g used, dried tea or coffee grounds
1 cup wooden ash
First put the compost in the trash, add rabbit excrement and hair. Stir the ingredients with a short wooden stick or similar until well incorporated. Add alfalfa leaves (or pellets), shredded eggshells, coffee and tea room and wood ash. Blend the ingredients again until well incorporated.
Once you have finished mixing homemade tomato fertilizer, there are many ways to use it. It is suitable for use when planting seedlings in the kitchen garden. Just fill the hole with the homemade fertilizer and then water it well. This ensures that all the organic ingredients in the fertilizer get to where they are most needed – to the roots of the plant!
How to make liquid manure from manure at home
Add 1 part fertilizer and 5 parts water to a 10L bucket and cover and soak for at least 2-4 weeks. When you are done with your manure tea, add the leftovers to your compost pile. How to use the do-it-yourself fertilizer: Mix 1 part with 10 parts water and apply directly to the soil around your plants. You can apply this fertilizer tea every 2-3. week later.
Use baking yeast as fertilizer
For feeding tomatoes you can use both fresh yeast and dry yeast. A nutritional yeast solution can be prepared in two ways: Mix a packet of dry yeast with 2 tablespoons of sugar and a little warm water until you have a homogeneous mixture. The resulting substance is dissolved in 10 liters of water and the dosage for each plant is 0.5 liters.
The other way to get a yeast broth is to put 200 g of brown bread in a container and pour 500 ml of warm water in which 100 g of fresh yeast is dissolved. Leave in a warm place for 3-5 days. The sieve is then sieved and diluted with water in a ratio of 1:10. For young plants the dosage is 0.5 liters and for mature plants about two liters.
Another fairly simple recipe for feeding tomatoes with yeast: 100 g of fresh yeast is gently dissolved in 10 liters of water and the resulting mixture is poured on the root of the plant. Such a yeast solution is an excellent growth promoter.
Feeding the plants with stinging nettles
Nettle infusion for tomato nutrition is obtained from young leaves as they contain a lot of nitrogen, potassium and iron. The vessel in which you prepare the solution, e.g. B. a 10 liter bucket should be filled 2/3 with stinging nettles and filled with water but not to the brim. Cover with a lid and leave in a warm place for 7-10 days.
When the stinging nettles begin to ferment, dilute 1 liter of the solution with 10 liters of water and pour the resulting liquid into the tomato beds, 1-2 liters per. This feeding should not be exaggerated – do not do it more than twice a month. Instead of stinging nettles, you can use other young plants for this solution, where dandelion and alfalfa are the best.
Make your own tomato fertilizer with chicken manure
Chicken manure has no worse effect on plants than complex mineral fertilizers – it contains a lot of nitrogen and phosphorus. Using diluted water with fresh chicken blobs is very effective. A bucket (10 liters) is filled 1/3 with chicken manure, filled up with water and soaked in the open air for 7-10 days. Then dilute 0.5 liters of fertilizer in 10 liters of water and pour the resulting liquid into the beds. Calculate 5-6 liters per square meter.
Be careful not to get chicken droppings on the leaves as this can cause burns. Dried chicken manure can also be used to fertilize tomatoes. To do this, pour 0.5 kg of fertilizer with 10 liters of water, the container is tightly covered with foil (so that the nitrogen does not evaporate) and leave for 3-5 days. Stir daily. Then dilute the fertilizer with water in a ratio of 1:20 and water for each plant by 0.5-1 liters.