How to best protect them

Many people suffer from circulatory problems when it is hot. In the worst case, it can lead to heat stroke. This is especially uncomfortable for the elderly, children and babies and can even be dangerous. What can you do about it? How do you recognize heat stroke? And how do you prevent it? We have the answers to the most important questions.

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How do I protect my child or baby from the sun and heat?

They like to frolic in the sun and splash around in the pool with a big laugh on their lips – but the heat is also very difficult for babies. If there is too much sun, they risk getting sunburn, heat exhaustion and heat stroke quickly. For this reason, shady places should be sought, especially in the afternoon and afternoon.

The rule of thumb is that children no longer than half an hour in the scorching sun must play – of course well creamy and with headgear. A wide-brimmed hat is best. At temperatures above 30 degrees, the baby should only lie in a nappy on a blanket in the shade, recommends Prof. Jens Möller from the Saarbrücken Clinic in a press release.

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A sun hat is part of the children’s basic equipment in the summer.

Strollers should not be covered with a cloth

Many parents want to protect their babies from direct sunlight and cover the stroller with a cloth. However, the measure has the opposite effect because the heat cannot escape and accumulates inside the stroller. Due to the lack of air circulation, the temperature in the suspended stroller rises faster than without a cloth. With sun protection for the stroller, you must therefore ensure that the air circulation is secured – for example with an umbrella.

To keep the nursery nice and cool, you should ventilate it well at night and early in the morning. If your body temperature is elevated, damp towels will cool you down. Babies should wear air-permeable clothing during the day, preferably made of cotton.

How do I carry my baby in the sun and heat?

When carrying your baby or baby outside in the strong sun, be sure to protect them effectively from the sun. Baby skin is still much thinner than adult skin. Skin pigmentation is less pronounced, which means that babies’ self-protection against the sun works less well. It is therefore important to protect the little ones from UV radiation with sunscreen and clothing. Loose, light clothing made of cotton is particularly suitable.

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If you are carrying your child in a sling, for example in a sling, make sure that your child is not wrapped too thickly. The sling acts as an extra piece of clothing. A one-layer sling made of cotton is best.

Summer heat hacks

On some summer days, the thermometer may climb above 30 degrees. Here are a few handy tips to keep you cool.

Tight-fitting fabrics make sweating harder. Children are then less able to regulate their body temperature. It can be carried in a stretcher for a long time heat build-up come. Therefore, check your child’s temperature regularly. A temperature of over 38.89 degrees is a sign of heat stroke and according to the union of pediatricians (BVKJ) requires urgent medical treatment. Read more tips on how to behave in case of heat stroke below.

Why do children tolerate heat less well than many adults?

Up to puberty, children have the same number of sweat glands as adults, but they produce significantly less sweat and thus lose less heat by evaporation, BVKJ writes on its website. “Since children and especially infants are less able to regulate their heat balance than adults, they should not be exposed to excessive heat, drink enough and wear airy clothing,” advises Dr. Thomas Fendel, pediatrician in Munich.

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What should children eat when it is hot?

When it’s hot, children – like adults – often have less appetite. So parents do not have to worry if their offspring eat less. Small pieces of watermelon without seeds or pulp are suitable for small children as a light snack. This makes it possible to quickly rebalance the water balance in the little ones.

And of course, the important question arises: Can my child eat ice cream? As a rule of thumb, Prof. Dr. Jens Möller from the Saarbrücken clinic here: A child who is at least ten months old, knows about dietary supplements and tolerates milk well, is allowed to lick the ice once in a while.

Should I give my baby extra water when it is warm if he is still breastfeeding?

The following applies to adults and children: Drink enough! Water or highly diluted fruit juice is best. If a baby is still being breastfed, the baby will want to eat more often. However, no additional liquid is needed. Möller recommends that water or unsweetened tea be given only when the child is given supplementary food. As a rule of thumb, the child should urinate as often and as much as in mild weather.

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Heat stroke in children: what are the symptoms?

Early signs of possible overheating may include, according to the pediatrician at UCLA Medical Center in Santa Monica, Dr. Dennis Woo, irritability, hot skin and sweating. In newborns, a wet head or neck may indicate overheating.

If young children are sweaty and their faces are redder than normal, have rashes, breathe quickly and feel their breasts warm, they are probably overheated. Another one symptomwhich requires immediate medical attention Fever. A temperature above 38.89 degrees Celsius is a guideline. Nausea and / or vomiting are other symptoms.

Children have diarrhea – a symptom of heat stroke?

Parents keep reporting that their babies get watery diarrhea when the temperature is high. However, this is apparently not due to the heat: “Drinking too much can make the stool thin, it has nothing to do with the ambient temperature,” writes the pediatrician Dr. Andreas Busse from Ludwigslust in the online baby forum “All about babies”.

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Heat stroke in a child: what to do?

“Heat stroke is the most serious, life-threatening form of heat exhaustion. In addition to the lack of fluid, there is also a dangerous accumulation of heat,” says Professor Holm Schneider, pediatrician at Erlangen University Hospital in “Apotheken Umschau”. Call the emergency doctor on 112 immediately!

Until he arrives, provide first aid: “Then undress the child, put it in the shade and rub the whole body with damp cloths or cool packs. The child should only drink something if it is conscious and does not complain of nausea,” explains Schneider.

Heat rash in babies and toddlers: what causes them?

Heat rash (miliaria) occurs when the sweat glands are blocked and the sweat on the skin cannot evaporate. Small milky or red pustules form. These are usually harmless and heal on their own.

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Heat rash can occur in all age groups But they are more common in babies and young childrenbecause their sweat glands are not yet fully developed anatomically, which means that blockages occur more easily.

Heat rash in babies and toddlers: what to do?

Heat pimples are usually harmless, the pustules usually disappear on their own. To get rid of them, it may be enough to avoid sweating. Try it to keep the skin dry and stay in air-conditioned rooms. If sweating is unavoidable, the health insurance company AOK recommends the following in its health magazine:

  • Do not scratch itchy pustules. This increases the risk of inflammation.
  • Cold compresses on the affected areas of the skin can be helpful.
  • A gentle exfoliation can prevent blocked sweat glands, for example by removing dead skin cells.

For the treatment of heat rash one also helps simple home remedy: apple cider vinegar. It has an anti-inflammatory effect and also ensures that the pimples heal faster. To do this, mix three tablespoons of apple cider vinegar with a quart of water. Put the liquid on a cloth or cotton ball and gently wash the blisters off with it.

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