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share

Security representing a share in the capital of a public company. It guarantees the owner membership rights (voting rights and voting rights at the general meeting) and property rights (right to share in the profits, share in capital increases or in the liquidation result).

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mutual funds

Assets provided by investors through public announcement for the purpose of collective capital investment, which are generally managed by the fund management company according to the principle of diversification at the expense of investors. Mutual funds are bought directly from the bank and increasingly also via internet platforms and, unlike ETFs, are usually not traded on the stock exchange.

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Benchmark

A measure or reference value used as a benchmark for the development of performance (eg a stock index).

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participation

Long-term capital-related interest in other companies where the economic influence or similar purpose is in the foreground. The inventory is valued at most at cost.

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brokers

Traders performing barter transactions for third-party accounts, ie. on behalf of its customers. In Switzerland, unlike in various other countries, banks are also listed on the stock exchange.

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stock Exchange

Regular market organized according to fixed customs. Depending on the goods traded, one speaks z. B. from securities, securities, foreign exchange, commodity exchanges or exchanges for derivative instruments (futures exchanges).

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cap

Price of an underlying asset or an interest rate that often determines whether the underlying asset is delivered or a cash amount is paid.

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diversification

Distribution of the investment amount by several investment categories. Within a stock market, diversification leads to a reduction of stock-specific risks and, with a sufficiently wide spread, ultimately only to bearing the systematic risk.

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AN F

ETFs are investment funds that are listed and permanently traded on the stock exchange just like stocks. Most ETFs launched to date are index funds whose purpose is to replicate a specific industry or country index (usually equities).

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New markets

Used by investors as a synonym for the financial markets in emerging markets (primarily Eastern Europe, Asia, Latin America) with above-average growth potential but also high risks.

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Exchange traded funds

ETFs are investment funds that are listed and permanently traded on the stock exchange just like stocks. Most ETFs launched to date are index funds whose purpose is to replicate a specific industry or country index (usually equities).

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GM

An AG’s supreme body. In addition to the annual general meeting, an extraordinary general meeting may also be convened.

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P / E

Share price in relation to earned or expected earnings per. dividend-bearing share. The share valuation ratio indicates how many times the earnings per share is included in the share price. P / E can be used to compare different stocks within an industry.

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price-earnings ratio

Share price in relation to earned or expected earnings per. dividend-bearing share. The share valuation ratio indicates how many times the earnings per share is included in the share price. P / E can be used to compare different stocks within an industry.

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liquidity

1. A company’s ability to meet payment obligations on time. Common liquidity indicators are the liquidity ratio, which expresses in percentage how much of the short-term debt is covered by cash and cash equivalents, the quick ratio, which shows how much of the short-term debt is covered by cash and cash equivalents and receivables, and current ratios. The latter sets all current assets in relation to short-term borrowed capital. High marketability of a security, which is based on the large number of securities in circulation and a narrow bid-offer spread.

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Upper limit

Price of an underlying asset or an interest rate that often determines whether the underlying asset is delivered or a cash amount is paid.

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risk

In financial market theory, the risk of an investment is measured by the fluctuations in earnings. Theoretically, risk and return are directly related: The higher the risk taken, the greater the return on the corresponding investment must be in the long term (cf. risk management).

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volatility

Price fluctuations on an underlying (cf. historical volatility, implicit volatility, vega, volatility analysis, volatility index).

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