How many charging stations does the country need?

The new e-charging ranking of VDA, which was announced on Monday, shows clear differences within Germany when it comes to the expansion of the public charging infrastructure. The German Automobile Industry Association (VDA) warns that the current speed will not meet the federal government’s expansion target of one million public charging stations by 2030. The Federal Association of Energy and Water Management (BDEW) immediately protested: There were so many public charging stations at all do not need. Who is right now?

It depends on the count
The current situation is different according to the “Charging Radar” that Cirrantic and TheonData are creating for EDISON. According to this, at the end of April, there were 1.29 million battery cars and plug-in hybrids in Germany compared to a public charging network with 74,218 charging points. In fact, the expansion of the charging infrastructure has been flagging since the beginning of the year – but this also applies to the number of new registrations due to delivery problems.

According to the VDA ranking, there is now at least one public charging station in almost half of all German municipalities. The number of public charging stations increased last year by about 330 every week. To reach the goal of one million charging points in 2030, there will be a need for about 2,000 new charging points per week, warns Bilindustriens Forening: in light of the increasing number of electric cars has further expanded the delta between supply and demand. For every 22 e-cars – purely electric and plug-in hybrids – there is only one public charging point. A year ago, the ratio was 17 to 1.

However, the expansion of the charging infrastructure must precede the increasing demand, said Hildegard Müller, chairman of VDA. She further stressed: “This is the only way to create the much needed consumer confidence in a reliable and adequate charging infrastructure.”

BDEW: 250,000 public charging stations are enough

“It is important that we agree on realistic targets for the charge requirement,” said Kerstin Andreae, chair of the BDEW Executive Board. Although Germany needs 15 million fully electric cars by 2030 for climate protection reasons, the political target of one million charging points goes far beyond what is needed. Reason: BDEW assumes that most people will continue to charge their electric cars at home or at work in the future. The association predicts that there will only be a need for between 100,000 and 250,000 public charging points by 2030. For comparison: Today, according to counts from the Federal Network Agency, there are about 60,300.

In its calculations, the National Platform for Future Mobility also reaches between 107,000 and 631,000 charging points – well below the set target. “Federal Minister Wissing rightly says that the need for charging infrastructure must first be determined,” Andreae said. She further said that an oversupply of charging stations stimulated by subsidies means that competition between operators has stalled. Taxpayers’ money could be better spent elsewhere. “It is no longer grants that accelerate the development of charging infrastructure, but above all the mobilization of public space and accelerated approval processes,” says Andreae.

Taillights: NRW and Saarland

These may be necessary above all in North Rhine-Westphalia and the Saarland. The two federal states end up in the lower places in all categories of the VDA e-charging network ranking. While it was still enough for eleventh place in the NRW with an attractiveness value of 973 (A-value: number of charging points relative to all cars registered in this area), the state ended up in the penultimate place out of a total of 16 places in the other rankings. In NRW, 27 e-mobility users can use a public charging station, and over 200 people even have to share a fast charging station.

Big differences between east and west

On the other hand, the winners of the federal state ranking in the category “Attractiveness” are the two city-states Hamburg with an A-value of 489 and Berlin with an A-value of 648.

In collaboration with the industrial service energate.

The East German non-city states, on the other hand, are all in the lower half. On the other hand, they occupy the top rows in terms of charging points per electric car (T-value) and fast charging points per electric car (S-value). The first four places on these two rankings go to the federal states of Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Thuringia and Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. In Saxony, only 13.8 electric cars will share a public charging point. The best equipment with fast chargers compared to the number of electric cars is found in Saxony-Anhalt and Thuringia, each with a quotient of about 58. The Eldorado for electric motorists is Groß-Gerau: In the Hessian winning city, only 4.8 electric cars have to be a public charging point.

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