“Not equally popular in all social groups”

Esome describe it as a transport policy experiment, others as a means of transport research – the 9-euro ticket is polarizing. The launch of the ticket also aroused interest in mobility and transport science, which is why the first studies on cheap local transport tickets were published. The first studies reveal interesting differences between the generations and between city and country. The ticket is not as popular as the rapidly rising sales figures suggest.

For example, the question was asked in which age groups the ticket is particularly popular. Conclusion: Young people in particular want to take advantage of the offer and have so far bought a ticket. In the Germany trend in May 2022, 55 percent of the thousand respondents between 18 and 34 said they would definitely or at least likely use the ticket. In the age group of 35 to 49 years, 50 percent said they would buy the ticket.

A little reciprocity for the ticket among the elderly

However, the ticket is less popular among older population groups. Among respondents aged 65 and older, this proportion was 37 percent. However, in the group of 49 to 64 and 65 years and older, 59 percent do not want to use it. According to the Federal Statistical Office, the ticket is “not equally popular with all social groups”.

Similar differences can also be seen when asking about residence and use of the ticket. According to surveys, the 9-euro ticket is particularly popular in big cities and frowned upon in rural areas. Among those surveyed whose residence has less than 20,000 inhabitants, the proportion of people who would rather not or absolutely would not use the ticket was 61 percent. In large cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants, the situation is exactly the opposite.

More than 60 percent of respondents plan to use the ticket. Only 36 percent do not want to get the nine euro free ride. In cities with between 20,000 and 100,000 inhabitants, the ratio between users and non-users is roughly the same. There is a clear distinction between city and country.

In the general Germany trend of May 2022, a total of 44 percent of respondents stated that they would definitely or at least likely use the ticket. In return, 53 percent of respondents said they would rather not use the ticket or would not use the ticket at all.

The study, which compares the current work situation of potential ticket buyers with their plans to buy tickets, is similarly differentiated. In April 2022, as part of a YouGov survey, about 28 percent of participants in Germany stated that they would consider it “more likely” to use the 9-euro ticket to travel to work when it was introduced in June . On the other hand, people who are unemployed or people who work from home do not want to buy the ticket or only to a limited extent.

Transport associations report different sales figures

Only a few transport associations have so far collected the sales figures. Frankfurt, Berlin, Munich and Nuremberg, on the other hand, keep accurate records of ticket sales.

After the first week of selling the 9-euro ticket in Frankfurt, the Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund (RMV) published detailed figures. According to the company, more than 300,000 tickets had been sold by the end of May. This does not include sales via the RMV app. Five million people live in the network area. “We are overwhelmed by the great demand and look forward to many new customers from the entire network area,” says RMV’s CEO Prof. Knut Ringat.

The ticket is not immediately successful everywhere

Berliner Verkehrsbetriebe (BVG) sold 450,000 tickets at a special price of nine euros in the city of 3.5 million inhabitants in the last few weeks until 1 June. A spokesman said on request. The rush for the cheap ticket continues. 130,000 tickets were sold the first weekend and 80,000 on Monday last week. Since then, it has averaged 40,000 a day. About half of the tickets are sold at BVG via the app, initially the system reached its limit. The other half is purchased from vending machines or points of sale.

Ticket sales are also going well in Bavaria, for example in Munich, where the Munich Transport Association (MVV) and the Munich Transport Company (MVG) also offer tickets. Since midnight on Wednesday, interested parties have been able to buy 9-euro tickets at MVG via the app.

Comprehensive evaluation scheduled for August

A spokesman reported on Tuesday that about 10,000 of the mobile phone tickets have already been sold in the metropolis of Munich. It has been possible at MVV since Monday, since then almost 25,000 of the 9-euro tickets have been sold via mobile phones. At Nuremberg VAG, which covers a tariff area of ​​more than 500,000 inhabitants, it was 40,000.

Over the next three months, the 9-euro ticket will be evaluated and the use, mobility and traffic of travelers in the various transport associations and Deutsche Bahn will be registered. A large-scale statistic is planned, which will also record the distribution in the different regions, the journeys and the frequency of use. Further investigations are currently being carried out, says a spokeswoman for the Federal Department of Transportation on questions from the FAZ. The first comprehensive figures for the 9-euro ticket are then to be published in late August or early September and scientifically assessed .

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